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Monday, 17 June 2019 00:00

Common Foot Problems for Children

Some foot conditions occur around the same amount of times or more often for children than they do for adults. There are a few complications to look out for in children. The first is ingrown toenails. Since children commonly experience growth spurts, they occasionally end up wearing shoes that are too tight. Ill-fitting shoes contribute to the emergence of ingrown toenails. Another affliction is plantar warts. These are lesions that form on the bottom of the foot. It is possible that many children do not yet have the immunity to warts that adults do. Guardians should also take note if their children have flat feet. Although many children outgrow their flat feet, it can cause them future pain. Finally, be sure to ask children about any heel pain. There are various conditions around the heel that may be sparked by a growth spurt. If your child is complaining of any type of foot or ankle pain, it is recommended that you contact a podiatrist.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
Tuesday, 11 June 2019 00:00

Possible Causes of Ingrown Toenails

The big toe is typically affected if an ingrown toenail has developed. It is a condition that happens when the side of the nail grows into the surrounding skin. There are several symptoms that are associated with this ailment, including pain, swelling, and inflammation which can cause tenderness. Many patients develop ingrown toenails for a variety of reasons. These include wearing shoes and socks that do not fit correctly, trimming toenails improperly, or an injury which may have happened to the toe. Mild relief may be found when the toe is soaked in warm water, followed by using a cotton ball to to separate the nail from the skin. If you are a diabetic patient, or if an infection has formed, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 03 June 2019 00:00

Preparing For Foot Surgery

If you are scheduled for any type of foot surgery, it is wise to prepare for an appropriate recovery period. Many patients find it beneficial to ask friends and family for a helping hand, in addition to having adequate amounts of food available prior to the surgery. It will help to have essential items as near to you as possible, as this may help in preventing unnecessary walking on the affected foot. Immediately following surgery, you will most likely experience swelling, and this may last for several days. The majority of the swelling will gradually diminish as the healing process occurs. If you would like additional information about how to prepare for an upcoming foot surgery, please consult with a podiatrist.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot and Ankle Surgery
Friday, 31 May 2019 00:00

Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning?

The medical condition that is referred to as tarsal tunnel syndrome typically occurs as a result of overusing the ankle and foot. This can happen when a patient frequently runs, or stands for extended periods of time. The nerve that is located on the inside of the foot and ankle may become compressed and inflamed, often causing pain and discomfort. Early treatment may prevent further damage from occurring. This includes resting the foot frequently throughout the day, and the type of exercise that is practiced may have to be altered so proper healing can take place. If the pain is severe, treatment that involves injections could be an option to consider. If you are affected by tarsal tunnel syndrome, it is suggested that you counsel with a podiatrist who can offer treatment options that are correct for you.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Monday, 20 May 2019 00:00

Types of Running Injuries

Research has indicated that many runners get injured every year. Running injuries can be prevented when properly fitted shoes are worn, and stretching techniques are implemented. A common injury is referred to as Achilles tendinitis, which is typically caused by tight calf muscles. The Achilles tendon can be strengthened by performing heel raises several times before running. If you have plantar fasciitis, you are most likely familiar with the pain that exists in the heel of the foot. Mild relief may be found when the plantar fascia is properly stretched. This is accomplished by pulling your toes gently away from your foot, in addition to rolling the bottom of your foot on a frozen water bottle or tennis ball. If you would like more information about how to prevent running injuries, it is suggested that you counsel with a podiatrist.

Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Preventing Running Injuries
Monday, 13 May 2019 00:00

What Is a Blister?

Many runners are familiar with the pain and discomfort that blisters on the feet can bring. They are typically caused by friction as a result of wearing poorly fitting shoes, or non-absorbent socks. When the skin becomes raw and damaged, a blister will form to protect the skin. It is filled with fluid that will naturally drain when new skin has formed over the affected area. If the blister should rupture before the healing process is completed, the possibility of getting an infection may increase. There are methods that can be implemented to possibly prevent blisters. These include choosing shoes that fit correctly and covering the area with a bandage where blisters are most likely to develop. Additionally, it is beneficial to use a foot powder that helps to absorb moisture. If you have a blister on your foot that is not healing correctly, please consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How Do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It is located in the back of the leg, and its function is to connect the foot to the leg muscles. The injury that is known as Achilles Tendinitis often occurs as a result of small tears that can negatively affect the strength of the tendon. There are several reasons why this injury occurs. These may include running on uneven surfaces, having weak or tight calf muscles, or a sudden increase in activity level. A common symptom that is associated with this condition is typically pain and discomfort in the back of the leg, especially in the morning hours. Additionally, that area of the leg may be swollen, it is possible to notice a decrease in strength. If you have an Achilles tendon injury, it is suggested to rest the foot, and consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward beginning the proper treatment.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Richard Silverstein of Union Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries
Wednesday, 01 May 2019 00:00

Reminder: When was the last time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Monday, 29 April 2019 00:00

What Is Cuboid Syndrome?

The bones that are found on the outside of the foot are referred to as the tarsal bones. The cuboid bone has six sides, and is located within these group of bones. The function of this bone is to keep the foot stabilized in addition to evenly distributing the body’s weight. If an injury should occur that affects the cuboid bone, a condition that is known as cuboid syndrome may develop. This can happen as a result of an injury that includes sprained ankles, or possibly from performing repetitive motions that running and dancing are comprised of. The symptoms that are associated with this condition often include pain and discomfort that is felt on the outside of the foot, and it may be difficult to walk. If you have experienced an injury, and notice pain on one side of your foot, it is advised to counsel with a podiatrist who can recommend correct treatment options.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Richard Silverstein from Union Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Cuboid Syndrome

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