The foot condition that is known as hammertoe can cause severe pain and it may even make it difficult to wear shoes. It causes the middle toe to bend downward at the joint, which can push against the adjoining toes. A common occurrence of this condition can be from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. In severe cases, calluses and corns may form on top of the extended toe joints as a result of excess friction, and this can add to the discomfort of this foot ailment. Mild relief may be found when the affected toe is protected by a cushioned pad and this may alleviate a portion of the pressure as daily activities are performed. If you have developed hammertoe it is strongly advised that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can help to determine the best course of treatment for you, which may include surgery that can permanently straighten the toe.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Havre de Grace, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What Are Hammertoes?